Epoq 2.2 New Media Buzzwords
Dr. Anthony Curtis – UNCP Mass Communication – 910.521.6616 – acurtis@uncp.edu
What do these New Media buzzwords mean?
    Descriptive definitions, listed in alphabetical order, are drawn from EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative's 7 Things You Should Know About series, New Media Consortium's Horizon Report, and other document sources. Links are provided to those documents.

  • Alternative Input Devices
    Accelerometers, multi-touch interfaces, gesture commands and other means of changing how we use our computers to work in collaboration. Beyond the simple computer mouse and microphone.   details »»

  • Augmented Reality
    Augmented reality adds information and meaning to a real object or place. Unlike virtual reality, augmented reality does not create a simulated reality. Instead, it takes a real object or space and uses technologies to add contextual data to deepen students' understanding of it.   details »»

  • Blog
    Blog is short for web log, a form of online journal – an Internet collection of personal commentary and link. Best known services are WordPress, Blogger, Typepad, LiveJournal, and Squarespace. A blog can have a single author or several. Most blogs allow readers to post comments in response to an article or post, but some do not. An RSS reader, such as Bloglines, is a service that collects updates from favorite blogs so a juser can read them in one place.   details »»

  • Bookmarking
    Bookmarking categorizes and manages website URLs for storing, sharing, retrieving and re-discovering valued web pages.   details »»   more »»

  • Citizen Journalism
    Current technologies give individuals unprecedented capabilities to produce and disseminate content. In citizen journalism, everyday people use those capabilities to develop and post online their own news and commentary, pursuing activities that lead to deeper learning.   details »»

  • Clickers
    Clickers, along with well-designed questions, provide an easy-to-implement mechanism for enhancing two important learning principles - interaction and engagement.   details »»

  • Cloud Computing
    Cloud computing uses computer software applications and data stored on servers on the Internet and accessed via a web browser. It makes available Web applications for communication and collaboration on documents accessible from anywhere. The cloud is a metaphor for the way the Internet is depicted in computer network diagrams. It is more expansive than utility computing. As the Internet – the Cloud – spans borders and promotes globalization of information, it sometimes raises political issues.   details »»

  • Collaborative Editing
    Collaborative editing tools allow a group of individuals to simultaneously edit a document, see who else is working on it, and watch in real time as others make changes. As a functional hybrid of wikis and instant messaging, collaborative editing creates a new dynamic for group work and multitasking, two hallmarks of today's learners.   details »»

  • Collaboration Webs
    Colleagues use Web browsers to edit group documents, hold meetings online and swap information.   details PDF »»

  • Collective Intelligence
    Knowledge and understanding emerge when large groups of people interact.   detailsPDF »»

  • Content Sharing
    A content-sharing website, such as Digg, surfaces the best materials on the Web from news to videos to images to Podcasts as voted on by its users. There are no editors. Users collectively determine the value of content. Once something is submitted, other people see it and vote by going to it.   details »»

  • Creative Commons
    Creative Commons is an alternative to traditional copyright, developed by a nonprofit organization of the same name. By default, most original works are protected by copyright, which confers specific rights regarding use and distribution. Creative Commons allows copyright owners to release some of those rights while retaining others, with the goal of increasing access to and sharing of intellectual property.   details »»

  • Cyberinfrastructure
    Cyberinfrastructure merges technology, data, and human resources into a seamless whole. It integrates high-performance computing, remote sensors, large data sets, middleware, and sophisticated applications. It also helps faculty and students share expertise, tools, and facilities to generate knowledge.   details »»

  • Data Visualization
    Data visualization is the graphical representation of information. It offers one way to harness infrastructure to find hidden trends and correlations that can lead to important discoveries. Visual literacy is an increasingly important skill, and data visualizations also provide another channel for students to develop their ability to process information visually.   details »»

  • Deep Tagging
    A form of tagging used with audio, video and multimedia content to improve annotation and retrieval.   details »»

  • Digital Scrapbooking
    Using a computer and graphics software to create visual layouts to preserve memories. Also known as digi-scrapping or computer scrapbooking.   details »»

  • Digital Storytelling
    Digital storytelling is mediated mass communication combining traditional techniques from television, video production radio, newspapers and magazines with contemporary multimedia tools to deliver informative and entertaining short productions with text, still and motion images, sound, music, and voice. They are script-driven and all about the articulation of a coherent verbal expression – the voice of the narrator. Some learning theorists believe that as a pedagogical technique, storytelling can be effectively applied to almost any subject. Constructing a narrative and communicating it effectively require the producer to think carefully about the topic and the audience's perspective.   details »»   more »»

  • E-Books
    E-books offer new ways for readers to interact with content. An e-book that abandons the notion of reading from front to back, for example, encourages readers to take an active, self-directed role in how they learn. E-books incorporating audio, movies, and simulations facilitate deeper understanding of subject matter, while annotation features let users customize a text.   details »»

    EDUCAUSE is a nonprofit association following a mission of advancing higher education through promotion of intelligent use of information technology. Members are institutions of higher education, corporations serving the higher education information technology market, and other related associations and organizations.   details »»

  • EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative
    ELI is a community of higher education institutions and organizations advancing learning through innovation in information technology. ELI's 7 Things You Should Know About document series provides concise information on emerging learning technologies and related practices. Each brief focuses on a single technology or practice and describes what it is, how it works, where it is going, and why it matters to teaching and learning. Each document in the series provides an easy-to-read jargon-free overview of an emerging technology and practices that have demonstrated or may demonstrate its positive learning impact.   details »»

  • Facebook
    Facebook is a social networking website where users profile themselves, connect and communicate with people they know, and share preferences and interests. A competitive example is MySpace.   details »»

  • Flickr
    Flickr is a photo-sharing website where anyone can upload, tag, browse, and annotate photos, as well as participate in self-organizing topical groups. In this way, it provides a venue for sharing experiences and building relationships. Flickr embodies "Web 2.0" by relying on user-contributed content and fostering the development of community among users.   details »»

  • Geolocation
    Attaching location information to media creating applications for data visualization, personal placing, searching and finding.   details »»

  • Google
    Google is the largest search engine on the Web, indexing a huge proportion of all Web pages. Google handles several hundred million queries each day through its various services. The main function is Google Search. Other services include Google News, Google Images, Google Apps, Google Tools, Google Earth, Google Language Tools and Google Toolbar and Google Clock, and numerous others.   details »»

    • Google Apps
      Google Apps is a suite of web-based programs and file storage that run in a web browser, offering a single point of entry for communication and productivity tools, a customizable start page, and Google sites for web page development. With Google Apps, sharing content is as simple as granting someone access, which facilitates collaboration, peer review of academic materials, and the collective generation of knowledge.   details »»

    • Google Earth
      Google Earth is an interactive mapping application that allows users to navigate (or "fly") the entire globe, viewing satellite imagery with overlays of roads, buildings, geographic features, and the like. Educators can use it to assess and bolster students' visual literacy. Students can use it to develop a context for spatial and cultural differences globally. Google Earth is an important virtual reality tool, which creates a mashup of satellite imagery, maps, terrain and 3D buildings. In addition to the surface of Earth, you can explore the sky with Google Earth. Google SketchUp and Google 3D Warehouse complement Google Earth.   details »»

    • Google Jockeying
      A Google jockey is a participant in a presentation or class who surfs the Internet for terms, ideas, Web sites, or resources mentioned by the presenter or related to the topic. The jockey's searches are displayed simultaneously with the presentation, helping to clarify the main topic and extend learning opportunities.   details »»

    • Google Tools
      Google's many Tools and Packs include Google Tools and Google Pack for Windows XP or Vista and Google Pack for Macintosh.   details »»

  • Grassroots Video
    Grassroots video is composed of motion images that anyone can capture, edit and share video using inexpensive equipment and free software.   details PDF »»

  • Grid Computing
    Grid computing uses middleware to coordinate disparate IT resources across a network, allowing them to function as a virtual whole. The goal of a computing grid, like that of the electrical grid, is to provide users with access to the resources they need, when they need them. Grids address two distinct but related needs: providing remote access to IT assets, and aggregating processing power.   details »»

  • Haptics
    Haptics technologies provide force feedback to users about the physical properties and movements of virtual objects represented by a computer. For applications that simulate real physical properties – such as weight, momentum, friction, texture, or resistance – haptics communicates those properties through interfaces that let users "feel" what is happening on the screen.   details »»

  • Horizon Report
    The annual Horizon Report describes the continuing work of the NMC’s Horizon Project, a research effort that identifies and describes emerging technologies likely to have considerable impact on teaching, learning, and creative expression within higher education.   details »»

  • Immersive Digital Environment
    Virtual worlds are immersive online environments with "residents" depicted as avatars representing individuals who participate via the Internet. The environment is an artificial, interactive, computer-generated scene on a computer monitor screen within which users can immerse themselves. Sometimes called virtual reality. The best known is Second Life.   details »»

  • Instant Messaging
    Instant messaging (IM) is a form of online communication that allows real-time interaction through computers or mobile devices. It has become such an integral part of students' lives that many colleges and universities are working to move IM beyond the social sphere into teaching and learning.   details »»

  • Interactive Media:
    Also called rich media, this is a term used in the advertising business referring to the use of the latest technology in creating Web advertising content. It means ads on Web pages that contain interactive elements, which permit active participation by consumers in a website audience. Ads with this kind of interactivity also are referred to as rich media. The digital files that form interactive or rich-media ads incorporate richer graphics, animation, audio, streaming video, applets that allow user interaction, special multimedia effects, hypertext, pull-down menus, and fill-in forms for greater transaction behavior. They use such enhanced technologies as Flash, Shockwave, Java, Javascript, and DHTML. You might say they look more like television commercials, as opposed to ads containing only static images and text. Businesses look at interactive media as new ad production formats while New Media are new delivery vehicles they use to reach out to new and different audiences.   details »»

  • iTunes
    The best-known Internet music store is iTunes, where you can buy music, TV shows, audiobooks and iPod games, buy and rent movies, and download podcasts. Other places to buy music online include Amazon, eBay, Napster, Rhapsody, and Wal-Mart.   details »»

  • Lulu
    New technologies are allowing individuals to publish readily, rapidly and repeatedly, thereby creating communities of writers. One of the best known is Lulu. These low-cost, on-demand publishers make it easy to disseminate ideas with the support and feedback of a large online writing community. Lulu offers online access to the tools to design, publish, and print original material. It allows content creators to decide what gets published and in what form, making it possible to produce a publication inexpensively and much more quickly than with traditional publishing.   details »»

  • Machinima
    The art of making a real movie in a virtual world is called machinima from the term "machine cinema." A machinima is a video production shot in a 3D virtual reality world, such as Second Life, and produced with real life tools and techniques.   details »»

  • Mapping Mashups
    Mapping mashups use online mapping services, such as those offered by Google or Yahoo, to display customized, clickable markers showing points of interest and related information. In the classroom, they can place lessons in a rich geographical context and increase interactivity. They can be useful for spatial display of research data or for enhancing information on campus Web sites.   details »»

  • Mashups
    Data mashups combine data collected from different Internet sources into an interactive research and analysis tool.   details PDF »»

  • Metaverse
    Metaverse is short for "meta" and "universe." Meta means a later, transcending, further development of something. Metaverse comes from the virtual world presented in Neal Stephenson's 1992 science fiction novel Snow Crash where human-avatars interact in a three-dimensional space that simulates a real world.   details »»

  • Microblog
    A cross between instant messaging and blogging, a microblogging system allows a user to send short 140-character bursts of information.   details »»

  • Mobile Broadband
    Mobile devices access any Internet content delivered over local wireless or broadband cell networks.   details PDF »»

  • MySpace
    MySpace is a social networking website where users profile themselves, connect and communicate with people they know, and share preferences and interests. A competitive example is Facebook.   details »»

  • New Media Consortium
    NMC is an international group of more than 260 learning-focused organizations exploring and using new media technologies. Member institutions are colleges and universities, museums, research centers, foundations, and companies. The consortium is a catalyst for development of technology applications in support of learning and creative expression. NMC sponsors programs and activities to stimulate innovation, encourage collaboration, and recognize excellence.   details »»

  • Open Journaling
    Open journaling tools manage the process of publishing peer-reviewed journals online. They enable users to publish academic journals more easily and much less expensively than traditional methods. They also allow authors to track their submissions through the review process, as well as to access reviewer comments and revise and resubmit articles, which creates a sense of openness and transparency uncommon in traditional peer-reviewed publications.   details »»

  • Photo Sharing
    Users upload digital still photo to photo-sharing websitess. Public photos may be viewed and commented on by others. Some sites allow users to embed slideshows in a web page. The best known online photo sharing sites are Flickr, Photobucket, Buzznet, Picturetrail, Dotphoto, Fotki, Faces, Ringo, Slide, and OneTrueMedia.   details »»

  • Podcast
    Podcasting is accomplished through the use of software and hardware that permits storage on the Internet and automatic downloading of audio files to an MP3 player for later listening at a user's convenience. Podcasting allows learning and information exchange to become portable. Lists of podcasts can be found at Podcasting Station, Podcast Alley, Digital Podcasts, and Podcast Central. Podcasts can be downloaded from iTunes.   details »»

  • Remote Instrumentation
    Remote instrumentation involves remote, network-based control of scientific instruments. The expense and complexity of specialized instruments limits some institutions' access to them, and logistical issues may prevent institutions that have such instruments from fully utilizing them. Remote instrumentation addresses these access and efficiency issues to improve educational quality and student opportunities.   details »»

  • Rich Media:
    Rich media is a term used in the advertising business referring to the use of the latest technology in creating Web advertising content. It means ads on Web pages that contain interactive elements, which permit active participation by consumers in a website audience. Ads with this kind of interactivity also are referred to as interactive media. The digital files that form rich-media ads incorporate richer graphics, animation, audio, streaming video, applets that allow user interaction, special multimedia effects, hypertext, pull-down menus, and fill-in forms for greater transaction behavior. They use such enhanced technologies as Flash, Shockwave, Java, Javascript, and DHTML. You might say they look more like television commercials, as opposed to ads containing only static images and text. Businesses look at rich media as new ad production formats while New Media are new delivery vehicles they use to reach out to new and different audiences.   details »»

  • RSS
    RSS is a protocol that lets users subscribe to online content using a "reader" or "aggregator." Internet users tend to settle on preferred information sources. RSS allows users to create a list of those sources in an application that automatically retrieves updates, saving users considerable time and effort.   details »»

  • Screencasting
    A screencast is a video recording of the actions on a user's computer screen, typically with accompanying audio, distributed through RSS. Screencasts can be thought of as video podcasts. They provide a simple means to extend rich course content to anyone who might benefit from the material but cannot attend a presentation.   details »»

  • Second Life
    Second Life is a virtual world brought to the Internet in 2003 by Linden Research, Inc. (a.k.a. Linden Lab), a San Francisco company. SL was inspired mainly by the cyberpunk literary movement, notably Neal Stephenson's novel Snow Crash. Millions of human residents interact with each other through avatars, providing an advanced level of social networking combined with general aspects of a metaverse. They explore, meet other residents, socialize, participate in individual and group activities, undertake manufacturing and commercial wholesale and retail activities, create and trade their virtual property and services. Membership is free with one advanced level.   details »»

  • Social Bookmarking
    Social bookmarking involves saving bookmarks one normally might create in a Web browser to a public Web site and "tagging" them with keywords. The resulting community-driven, keyword-based classifications, known as "folksonomies," are changing how we store and find information online. The social-bookmarking site del.icio.us let's you add, categorize and manage social bookmarks for storing, sharing, and discovering web pages. Another bookmarking system is Furl.   details »»

  • Social Networks
    Websites where users can set up a profile of themselves, create formal connections to people they know, communicate, and share preferences and interests. Examples are Facebook and MySpace.   details »»

  • Social Operating Systems
    Networks organized around people rather than content.   details PDF »»

  • Skype
    An Internet calling service, Skype is reminiscent of the telephone. Skype is a voice-over-IP (VoIP) application that offers free phone calls between computers and inexpensive calls between computers and telephones, along with other services. It enables two-party audio and video chat and multi-party audioconferencing. Skype users make computer-to-computer calls as well as computer-to-land or mobile phone calls. Another VoIP service is Yahoo! Voice is an Internet calling service that has the ability to assign a phone number to your computer so that it can be called from land-line and mobile phones; computer-to-computer calls from within Yahoo! Messenger; and computer-to-phone calls.   details »»

  • Tag Clouds
    A cloud of tags is a visual list of weighted keywords on a Web page – usually hyperlinked single words listed alphabetically with their importance indicated by font size or color. They can be created at websites such as TagCrowd, Tag Cloud Generator, TagCloud Generator, and TagCloud.   details »»

  • Tagging
    Attaching descriptive labels to a web site categorizing its content. A tag is a category name.   details »»

  • Twitter
    Twitter is an online application that is a cross between instant messaging and blogging – part blog, part social networking site, part cell phone IM tool. Twitter lets users describe what they are doing or thinking at a given moment in a short, 140-character informational update. Users follow the updates of selected friends.   details »»

  • Video Blogging
    A videoblog, or vlog, is a Web log (blog) that primarily utilizes video rather than text or audio. The ability to easily create video segments and post them online makes videoblogs a potential tool for recording lectures and special events. Videoblogs can also be used for personal expression and reflection. As a result, they are being incorporated into e-portfolios and presentations.   details »»

  • Video Sharing
    Videos are uploaded to a website by users and can be viewed free by others, who can leave comments on video pages. An online video sharing site is YouTube owned by Google. There also are Video Egg, jumpcut, Google Video, eyespot, vimeo, Sony's Crackle, revver, ourmedia, vSocial, and Bright Cove.   details »»

  • Virtual Meetings
    Virtual meetings are real-time interactions that take place over the Internet using integrated audio and video, chat tools, and application sharing. They offer a way to engage students in fully interactive, online learning experiences such as lectures, discussions, and tutoring. Many virtual meeting applications integrate with course management systems, providing students and faculty with a unified learning system including access to online meetings.   details »»

  • Virtual Worlds
    Virtual worlds are immersive online environments whose "residents" are avatars representing individuals who participate via the Internet. Many institutions are experimenting with virtual worlds for educational purposes. They may foster constructivist learning by placing students in a context that challenges them to learn without explicit learning objectives and assessment. Best known is Second Life. Lesser-known virtual world hangouts where users have social avatars with profiles and connections to people with whom they share interests include There and Kaneva and Whyville and LinkedIn and IMVU and Moove. For teenagers 13-17 there are Teen Second Life and Zwinky or Zwinktopia. There also are virtual games online such as World of Warcraft and Weblo. Google Earth creates a mashup of satellite imagery, maps, terrain and 3D buildings.   details »»   more »»   more »»

  • Web Tools
    There are many useful new conversion and building tools on the Web. For instance, the free Online PDF Converter and Document Creator. Another is VIXY, which offers a free service to convert YouTube videos to QuickTime-playable MP4 files. And Videobox, that converts Flash from most video sites to Quicktime. More free Web Tools including webmaster tools, and tlbox, and W3C HTML Tools.   details »»

  • Wiki
    Wikis are informative websites that can be viewed and modified by anyone with a Web browser and Internet access. They support asynchronous communication and group collaboration. Wikis are research resource like an encyclopedia or database that is broad and general in coverage of topics. Breadth and depth varies by site. Many wiki's are focused on a narrowly-defined topic. A wiki is an online resource which allows users to add and edit content collectively. Through the use of hypertext, a wiki's collection of web pages can be navigated and edited by anyone. The fact that anyone can edit, delete, or modify content makes a wiki a collaborative work of many authors. Wikis can be established at no cost from providers such as Wetpaint and Wikidot. The words wiki wiki mean "rapidly" in the Hawaiian language.   details »»

  • Wikipedia
    The English-language Wikipedia is the best known wiki and has the largest user base among all wikis and ranks among the top websites in terms of traffic. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia that anyone can contribute to and edit. It is broad and general in coverage of topics. It offers millions of articles in multiple languages. Its reliability is constantly under discussion as its managers work to maintain its accuracy and authority.   details »»

  • Writing Community
    Individuals publishing readily, rapidly and repeatedly, thereby creating communities of writers. Low-cost, on-demand printing companies make it easy to disseminate ideas with the support and feedback of a large online writing community. Best known is Lulu.   details »»

  • YouTube
    YouTube is a video-sharing service that allows users to post personally developed videos of nearly any variety online, from animations to personal recordings. YouTube is one of an emerging class of social applications that allows users to share and form communities around their content. It draws users into engaging content as commentators and creators, activities that heighten students' visual literacy.   details »»

    New Media of Mass Communication  »»
    New Media buzzwords: what they mean  »»
    Twitter: how it's used in journalism  »»
    News of New Media, Virtual Worlds and Social Networks  »»

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