Walt Whitman

1819-1892

Life

Identity

Chronology


Themes and Issues

Class

Critical approaches

Emerson as influence

Influences on poetry

Liminality

Periodization

Reactions to Whitman

Revision

Sexuality

Sources

West


Technique


Alliteration


Anaphora

"Free" verse

Catalogs

Chiasmus

Circles and Cycles

Envelope

Genre

Grammatical mood

Imagery

Line length

Musicality

Onomatopoeia


Oratory

Parallels

Persona


Punctuation

Repetition

Symbolism

Case study: "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking"

"To a Locomotive in Winter" as allegory of Whitman's artistry


Work

Children of Adam

Calamus

"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry"

"Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking"

"Passage to India"

"Pioneers! O Pioneers!"

"Song of the Open Road"

"I Sit and Look Out"

"Drum-Taps"

"While Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd"

"Song of Myself"


Bibliography

Life

Themes and Issues

Technique

Interpretation of Works