Key Definitions for the Study of Social Class
(from Karl Marx)
Mode of Production -- the psychosocial structure that molds the "dominate" rules for human action in a social and economic environment. Normally one structure evolves into another
Control over the Means of Production – the degree of power one has to command one’s own labor schedule.
Material Interest – strategies and/or tactics employed to secure and maintain one’s wealth.
Class Consciousness – a type of "collective consciousness" in which a cohort share identification based on material interest and control over the means of production.
False consciousness – a shared acceptance of the negative consequences of membership to a social class.