The City in European History
Renaissance Florence and Bruges
Answer any three questions (at least one of Florence and one on Bruges).
1. Describe the topography of Renaissance Florence (real as well as symbolic). What does this topography reveal about the 15th century city?
2. Describe the connection between the Florentine economy and Florentine achievements in the arts. Describe the role of the trade guilds (the Arti) in the economic, political, and cultural life of 15th century Florence.
3. Describe how the Florentine patronage system functioned. Give three specific examples. How did this patronage system influence the nature of the Florentine “Golden Age”?
4. Describe how artists were recruited, trained, and paid in Renaissance Florence.
5. Describe the Florentine value-system. How does it relate to the “Golden Age” of Florence?
6. Describe the main features of late Medieval and Renaissance Bruges. Explain the sources of its economic prosperity, why this prosperity occurred, and why it ended, with the city called “Bruges le mort.”
7. Describe how the life and work of artists was organized in 15th century Bruges.
8. Describe the topography of Bruges, identifying the most important political, economic, and religious buildings (especially the Belfry and the Town Hall), and the function of each. What does the location of each of these buildings tell us about Bruges? Pay particular attention to the split between the market-place and the castle square and its impact upon the city’s topography. (The website hosted by the City of Bruges has excellent maps, pictures, and descriptions of buildings.)