The Humanistic Tradition I

From the Ancient World to The Reformation

Study Guide for Test I

This Study Guide, one for each of Chapters we cover in The Humanistic Tradition, is designed to help you prepare for the first test.  Short answer, identification, matching, and multiple-choice test items will be taken from these lists.  For each word (these are starred) to be used in a short answer question or to be identified, be able to answer the following questions:  Who? What? Where? When? and Why?  State also the historical or artistic importance of the starred term.  For an author, architect, artist, or composer, give in addition at least one major work as an example; for a work of art, architecture, thought, literature, or music, give its creator or author.  Terms marked with a [+] refer to diagrams; each test will contain one or more diagrams (for example, the plan of an early Christian basilica) to be labeled.  The first test is scheduled for about 04 October 2004.

Introduction

Prehistory
*Paleolithic & Neolithic Eras
Homo Sapiens
Sympathetic Magic
*Myth
Megalith
*Civilization
Culture
Cuneiform
Rosetta Stone
Post and Lintel Architecture
Lascaux Cave Paintings
Venus (Woman) of Willendorf
*Stonehenge
Jerico
Sumer
*Style
*Perennial Questions

Chapter 1

Polytheism
*Cosmology
Theocracy
Fresco
Book of the Dead
Module
Aten & Amon-Ra
Palette of King Narmer
Pyraminds of Gizeh: Pyramid of Khufu
Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV)
Queen Nefertiti
Tutankhamen
Karnack

Chapter 2

*Creation Myths
Epic of Gilgamesh
Standard of Ur
*Immortality Ideology
Hammurabi’s Code (Stele)
Ziggurat (Ur)
Monotheism
Decalogue
Torah
Yahweh
Moses
Nebuchadnezzar & the Ishtar Gate
Ashurbanipal & the Assyrian Empire
Persian Empire

Chapter 4

*Minoan Civilization & Crete
Palace at Knossos
Homer (Iliad and Odyssey)
*The Greek gods
Polis
*The Golden Age of Athens
Pericles’ Funeral Oration
*Hellenic [Classical] Style
Sophocles' Antigone
+Classical Greek Theater
    Orchestra    Parodos
    Skene          Proscenium
*Classical [Greek] Tragedy
    Prologue      Choruses
    Episodes      Exodus
    Epilogue
*Deus ex machina
Poetics (Aristotle)
*Katharsis [Catharsis]
The Sophists
Plato and the “Allegory of the Cave”
Aristotle & The Nicomachean Ethics
*Golden Mean
*Humanism
*Hellenic Rationalism

Chapter 5

Kouros and Kore
Contrapposto
Doryphorus of Polycleitus
Kritios Boy
Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Cnidos
Discobolus (Myron)
+Acropolis
    Propylaea
    Temple of Athena Nike
    Parthenon
    Erechtheum
    Great Altar of Athena
*Parthenon
Phidias
+Doric Order
 Capital
 Entablature
 Pediment
 Frieze
 Metope
Volute (Ionic Order)
Entasis
*High Relief and Low Relief (Bas Relief)
Parthenon Sculptures/Elgin Marbles
*Hellenic Idealism
*Hellenic Realism
Sappho’s Poetry
*Hellenistic Age and Style
Alexander the Great
*Pergamon and Altar of Zeus
Laocoön and his Sons
*Individualism
*Hellenistic Realism
*Stoicism & Epicureanism
Nike of Samothrace




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Last Update:  27.IX.2004

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