The Humanistic Tradition I
From the Ancient World to The Reformation
The Humanistic Tradition: Study Questions.
Chapter 17: Renaissance Artists: Disciples of Nature, Masters of Invention.
1. How did the concepts of art, the artist, and patronage change as the Middle Ages faded and the Renaissance emerged?
2. Study Donatello’s David. What is revolutionary about this statue and what does it tell us about Renaissance concepts of sculpture? Why did other Renaissance sculptors favor the nude?
3. Describe the relationship between Renaissance architecture (particularly the works of Brunelleschi and Alberti) and classical Greco-Roman architecture. Use specific examples.
4. Explain the Renaissance interest in the portrait. Discuss specific examples of Renaissance portraiture, including Van Eyck’s Marriage of the Arnolfini, Leonardo’s Mona Lisa, or Verrocchio’s Statue of Bartolommeo Colleoni.
5. Discuss the concept of the Renaissance Artist-Scientist. Explain the several Renaissance concepts of perspective. What are these artist-scientists attempting to accomplish? Discuss the works of Masaccio and Leonardo da Vinci.
6. What are the characteristics of the art and architecture of the High Renaissance? Compare Donatello’s David with that of Michelangelo – how are they similar, how are they different? How are the characteristics of the High Renaissance evident in the later work of Leonardo and that of Raphael, Palladio, Bramante, and Michelangelo?
7. Summarize the contributions of Michelangelo Buonarroti to the Renaissance.
8 What are the characteristics of the High Renaissance in Venice? How is this renaissance different from that in Rome?
9. Describe the characteristics of Renaissance music. What innovations were made?
10. How did technological innovations influence the arts during the Age of the European Renaissance? Use specific examples to support your statements.
11. Renaissance artists shared the Roman view of art as illusion. In what ways and using what techniques did Renaissance surpass the ancient predecessors in achieving new heights of visual illusionism? Cite specific examples from the text.
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