The Humanistic Tradition I

 From the Ancient World to The Reformation

 Study Guides for the Tests

These Study Guides, one for each of Chapters we cover in Humanistic Tradition, are designed to help you prepare for the tests and the final examination.  Short answer, identification, matching, and multiple-choice test items will be taken from these lists.  For each word (these are starred) to be used in a short answer question or to be identified, be able to answer the following questions:  Who? What? Where? When? and Why?  State also the historical or artistic importance of the starred term.  For an author, architect, artist, or composer, give in addition at least one major work as an example; for a work of art, architecture, thought, literature, or music, give its creator or author.  Terms marked with a [+] refer to diagrams; each test will contain one or more diagrams (for example, the plan and elevation of an early Christian basilica) to be labeled.

Chapter 6

*Roman Style
Plebians/Patricians
Senate
Octavian (Augustus Caesar)
*Roman Law (jus civile & jus gentium)
Res publica
*Augustus of Prima Porta
Pax Romana
Seneca and Roman Stoicism
*Epic (Origins and Characteristics)
Virgil (70-19 BC), The Aeneid
*Pietas; gravitas; simplicitas; virtus
*Trajan’s Column
Arch of Titus
*Basilica
Maison carrée
Thermae (Baths) & Baths of Carcalla
Colosseum & Circus Maximus
Pont du Gard
*Pantheon and its Dome
*Roman Architecture (Characteristics)
+Roman Arch
    Voussoirs
    Keystone
    Tunnel (Barrel) Vault
    Groin (Cross) Vault
Roman Painting
Rome as the Eternal City

Chapter 8

*Historical Context for Christianity
Essenes and the Dead Sea Scrolls
*The Message of Jesus
*The Teachings of Paul
The Four Gospels
The Concept of Original Sin

Chapter 9

*Early Roman Christian Style
Dogma, Liturgy, and Canon Law
The Nicene Creed
Benedict of Nursia & Monasticism
The Latin Church Fathers
*St. Augustine and the City of God
*Symbolism, Mysticism,& Early Christian Art
*Byzantine Style
*Ravenna & Early Christian Arts
*Catacombs
+Old Saint Peter’s Basilica
    Narthex    Triumphal Arch
    Nave         Transept
    Apse         Clerestory
    Aisle         Triforium
    Atrium
Sant’Apollinare nuovo [Rectangular Basilica in Ravenna]
    *Jesus Calling the First Apostles; The Last Supper; Procession of the
    Virgin Martyrs [Sant’Apollinare nuovo]
San Vitale [Central-type Church]
Domes of San Vitale and Hagia Sophia
*Iconography
Justinian and Theodora (San Vitale)
*Chi-Rho & Alpha-Omega
*Sarcophagus of Archbishop Theodorus
Early Christian Music
The Ordinary of the [Catholic] Mass

Chapter 11

The Germanic Tribes (barbarians)
The Battle of Adrianople (AD 378)
Germanic Law
Germanic Literature (Beowulf)
Germanic Art (Sutton Hoo)
Lindisfarne Gospels
Charlemagne & Carolingian Renaissance
Carolingian Minuscule
Feudal Social Structure & Knighthood
Song of Roland (Chanson de Geste)
The Norman Conquest
*Motte & Bailey Castle
Chivalry
Troubadour
*Norman Romanesque Architecture
The Medieval Manor
*The Bayeux Tapestry
The Medieval Romance & Courtly Love
The Significance of the Medieval Town

Chapter 12

*The Seven Sacraments
The Eucharist
Hildegard of Bingen
Innocent III (Sermon)
*The Morality Play (Everyman)
Dante, The Divine Comedy
Purgatory
Heresy
Saint Francis of Assisi
The Medieval University
Trivium and Quadrivium
*Scholasticism
St. Thomas Aquinas & Summa Theologiae

Chapter 13

*Monastic [Romanesque] Style
Monastery of Saint-Gall
+Fontenay Abbey (Cistercian)
    Church Forge
    Cloister Prison
    Dormitory Kitchen
    Night-stairs Visitor’s Chapel
    Infirmary Calefactorium
    Refectory Chapter House
    Scriptorium
*Romanesque Style
*Monasticism
+Romanesque Pilgrimage Church (Sainte  Foy)
    Narthex Choir
    Nave  Ambulatory
    Aisle  Apse
    Transept Apsidal Chapels
 The Medieval Pilgrimage Routes
*Rule of Saint Benedict
Tympanum (Autun)
*Tympanum (Sainte Foy)
“Mystic Mill” (Column capital, Vézelay)
*Gothic Style
Ile de France
Abbot Suger
Abbey Church of Saint Denis
*Chartres Cathedral/Amiens Cathedral
*Bible in Stone and Glass
+The Gothic Cathedral
    Clerestory Flying Buttress
    Triforium Ribbed Vault
    Nave Arcade Rose Window
*Royal Portal Chartres
Stained Glass Windows
*The Cult of the Virgin
Notre Dame de Belle Verrière
*[Medieval] Number Theory
Illuminated Manuscript
*Sienese School of Painting
Cimabue, Madonna Enthroned
Simone Martini
Polyphonic Style
Gregorian Chant
The Requiem and the Dies Irae
*Medieval Hierarchism



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Last Update:  08.XI.2004

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