1. After your topic has been defined and before you begin
reading, you should first
prepare a Working Bibliography of primary and secondary sources.
2. Compile a Working Bibliography by following these steps:
A. Using a standard survey text or the
card catalog (BraveCat), locate one or more good (i.e.
recent and by reputable historians) secondary sources that deal with your topic. Or find an
article in an appropriate academic encyclopedia, like the Encyclopedia Britannica, which is available
on-line through UNC Pembroke's library (not a popular encyclopedia like the World
Book or the unreliable on-line Wikipedia). From either source, obtain an overview of your topic; write down facts,
events, names, or questions that occur to you; these will become guides to future research. Scan the author's notes
and bibliography, writing down titles that appear useful. Note if there exist bibliographic guides for your topic.
B. Using your list of facts, events, names, etc.
and your bibliographic entries, go to the library:
using the Catalog, Standard Secondary Works, Indexes, etc, prepare, using a word processing program,
a bibliography of available materials; it should include primary sources and secondary sources (books and
articles). For the final bibliography, a minimum of ten (10) items is required, five of which must be primary sources.
The others must be books, articles in scholarly journals (like The American Historical Review or The Journal of
Modern History), or reputable Internet resources.
Recommended Format (use Rampolla as your guide):
Lithography 1800-1850. The Techniques of Drawing on Stone in England and
France and Their Application in Works of Topography.
London: Oxford University Press, 1970
3. Locate each book or article and skim it, asking yourself: does
source help me with my topic?
If not, write a note on the back of your card and save the card; if so, write a brief annotation on
the card summarizing the content of the source and indicating how it will help.
4. When you have completed your search and have located the required
ten primary, secondary, and internet
sources, prepare an annotated bibliography to be turned in.
I. Primary Sources.
II. Secondary Sources.
1. James, John. Chartres.
The Masons Who Built a Legend. London: Routledge & Kegan
Paul, 1982. BX 4629.C47.C374.
careful analysis by an architect of how Chartres Cathedral was actually
painstakingly studying the stones used to build the cathedral, James has identified the work
of each separate team of masons and the sequence in which the parts of the building were
2. Panofsky, Erwin. Gothic
Architecture and Scholasticism. Cleveland and New York:
Meridian Books; The World Publishing Company, 1957.
profound and controversial essay in which Professor Panofsky parallels
of Gothic architecture with that of scholastic philosophy. In the words of Whitney S.
Stoddard, Panofsky "connects the more encyclopaedic and co-ordinated Summae of the
thirteenth century with the design of High Gothic cathedrals. According to Panofsky, the
controlling principle of Scholasticism and Gothic architecture is manifestatio: elucidation or
clarification. Starting in the early thirteenth century, the systematic articulation of the
Summae as books with an overall plan of chapters and subdivisions points to the
ambition of the Scholastics: the achievement of a comprehensive and explicit order in their
writings, 'a postulate of clarification for clarification's sake.' In general terms, Panofsky
equates this principle of clarification in the Summae with the 'principle of transparency'--a
dominant principle of High Gothic architecture."
B. Articles in Scholarly Journals.
1. Dow, Helen J. "The
Window," Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes
20 (July 1957): 248-297.
[Annotation following the format above]
III. Internet Resources
IV. Indexes/Research Aids Consulted:
1. The Humanities Index, 1950-1984.
researched: Chartres Cathedral; Gothic
Cathedral; etc . . . .
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