Revolution, Liberalism, and Nationalism
in Europe, 1789-1914

Primary Source Links for Europe in the Era of the Unification Movements, 1851-1871

The Crimean War (Map)

The Charge of the Light Brigade

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

The Valley at Balaclava (Photograph by Roger Fenton)

The Crimean War (Photograph by Roger Fenton)

The Crimean War: Roger Fenton's Photography Van

Florence Nightingale at Scutari

Emperor Napoleon III of France (Portrait by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1852)

Old Paris (Photograph by Charles Marville, 1850s)

The New Paris (Avenue of the Opera by Camille Pisarro)

The Sewers of Paris

The Sewers of Paris (Visitors)

Bismarck and Napoleon III in Defeat (1870)

Italy in 1848 (Map)

Giuseppe Garibaldi

Count Camillo di Cavour

Otto von Bismarck

German Unification, 1863-1871

The Ems Telegram (1870)

Proclamation of the German Empire (Versailles, 1871)

Austria-Hungary (Map)

Ilya Repin, The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan of Turkey

This Page is Maintained by Robert W. Brown

Last update: 27.X.2008

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