Revolution, Liberalism, and Nationalism
In Europe, 1789-1914
The First Industrial Revolution: England, ca 1750s-1850s

I. Introduction: The Importance of the Industrial Revolution.

II. Historical Context: Factors Making the Industrial Revolution Possible.

A. Demographic Changes: Population Growth.

B. The Agricultural Revolution/Enclosure Movement.

C. Additional Factors (a Stable Political System; Favorable Attitude toward Work; a Banking and Credit System; a Transportation Network; and Available Raw Materials).

D. Existing Methods of Production in England, ca. 1760: The Domestic System.

III. The "Lure of Profit" as a Stimulus and Technological Innovations in Production.
A. Innovations in the Cotton Industry: Creation of a Self-Sustaining Process of Innovation.

B. New Sources of Power and Development of the Factory System.

C. The Development of New Resources and Innovations in Other Industries.

D. Factory Labor and the Creation of "Economic Man".

IV. Social Consequences of the Industrial Revolution.
A. Urbanization.

A. Living/Working Conditions of the Working Class.

B. Social Reform Movements.

V. The Spread of the Industrial Revolution to the Continent.
A. Western Europe: Belgium and France.

B. Central Europe: the Germanies and the Zollverein.

C. Eastern Europe and Russia.

VI. Conclusion.

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Last update: 10.XII.2004

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