Revolution, Liberalism, and Nationalism in Europe, 1789-1914

Europe at its Zenith, 1871-1914

I. Introduction: Europe of La Belle Epoque.

II. Demographic and Social Trends, 1871-1914.

A. Population Growth.

B. Urban Problems of the Late Nineteenth-Century.

C. The Ascendancy of the Middle Class.

D. The Status of Women.

III. Domestic Affairs of the Great Powers, 1871-1914.
A. The Victorian Compromise: Great Britain, 1871-1914.

B. The Third French Republic, 1871-1914.

C. The German Empire, 1871-1914.

D. The Habsburg Monarchy, 1867-1914.

E. The Russian Empire, 1856-1914.

IV. Economic Life: The Creation of a World Economy.
A. The First Industrial Revolution, ca. 1750-1840s.

B. The Second Industrial Revolution in Western Europe, 1870-1914.

1. New Sources of Power.

2. New Industries.

3. Capitalism in the Later Nineteenth Century.

C. Results of the Second Industrial Revolution.
1. Standardization.

2. The Growth of Cartels and Trusts.

3. The Spread of Industry.

4. Search for New Markets.

5. Protectionism.

6. The Decline of Agriculture in Western Europe.

7. The Export of Capital.

8. The World Economy Before 1914.

9. Working Class Movements.

V. Europe and the Non-Western World: The Imperialist Impulse.
A. The "Old" Imperialism, ca. 1500-1860s.

B. The New Imperialism and its Consequences, ca. 1870-1914.

VI. The Crisis in European Thought, 1871-1914.
A. Friedrich Nietzsche and the Death of God.

B. The Challenge to Christianity.

C. The Challenge to Traditional Science.

D. Darwin, Freud, and the Nature of Man.

E. Rationalism Questioned.

F. Nationalism/Social Darwinism/Racism.

G. A Revolution in the Arts: The Birth of Modern Art (Realism, Impressionism, and Post-Impressionism).

VII. Conclusion: The Paris World's Fair of 1900.

This Page is Maintained by Robert W. Brown

Last Update: 10.XII.2004

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