Revolution, Liberalism, and Nationalism in Europe, 1789-1914

The second test in History 329 will take place about the 29th of March 2005 and it will cover the Revolutions of 1848, the First Industrial Revolution, Intellectual and Cultural Movements (1780s-1840s), and the Unification Movements.  The test will consist of 8 Short Answer questions (40 points), Multiple-choice questions (30 points), and Matching questions (30 points).  Short Answers should incorporate responses to the following questions:  who? what? why? where? and when? and include specific historical examples from the lectures and the readings.  Assigned readings are from Merriman, A History of Modern Europe and the handouts distributed or posted on the web and discussed in class.

The Revolutions of 1848

Revolutions of 1848
February Revolution (France)
June Days (France, 1848)
Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte (1808-1873)
Three-tiered Voting (Prussia)
Frankfurt Parliament (1848)
Kleindeutschland/Grossdeutschland (Germany)
General Alfred Windischgrätz (1787-1862)
Roman Republic (1848)
Blood and Iron (Otto von Bismarck)

The First Industrial Revolution, 1750s-1840s

Characteristics of the Industrial Revolution
Explaining the Industrial Revolution
Agricultural Revolution & Enclosure Movement
Domestic (“putting out”) System
The Factory System
Self-sustaining Process of Innovation &
 The “Lure of Profit”
John Kay (1704-1764)
Spinning Jenny (c.1765)
Samuel Crompton
Manchester (The “Shock City” of the Day)
James Watt (1736-1819)
Abraham Darby (1678-1717)
The Rocket and the Turnpike Act
Economic Man & the Working Classes
Living Conditions of the Working Classes
Social Reform Movements
Spread of the Industrial Revolution to Belgium, France,
 and the Germanies
Industrialization in Eastern Europe & Russia
Factory Act (1833)

Intellectual and Cultural Life, 1815-1848

Socialism (Utopian and Marxist)
Robert Owen & Henri de Saint-Simon
Class Struggle & Proletariat
Era of “isms”
Characteristics of Conservatism
Edmund Burke
Joseph de Maistre & the Vicomte de Bonald
Nationalism (Western and Eastern Europe)
Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-1872)
Grimm Brothers & J. G. Herder (1744-1803)
Volk & Volksgeist
Characteristics of Romanticism
The Romantic Hero
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840)
William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
John Constable (1776-1837) & J.M.W. Turner
The Vicomte de Chateaubriand and Victor Hugo
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
Richard Wagner (1813-1883)
Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863)
Théodore Géricault (1791-1824)
Faust (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe)
Neo-Gothicism
Characteristics of Classical European Liberalism
Tyranny of the Majority & Alexis de Tocqueville
John Stuart Mill and On Liberty

The Unification Movements, 1850-1871

Crimean War, 1854-1856
Roger Fenton (War Photographer)
Peace of Paris (1856)
Consequences of the Crimean War
Second Empire (France)
Baron Haussmann & the Rebuilding of Paris
Risorgimento (Italy)
Unification of Italy
Camillo di Cavour (1810-1861)
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882)
Franz-Joseph (Austria, r. 1848-1916)
Otto von Bismarck and Realpolitik
Ems Telegram & Alsace-Lorraine
Second Empire [Reich] (Germany, 1871-1918)
National Minorities Problem (Austria)
The Ausgleich (Austria, 1867)



This Page is Maintained by

Robert W. Brown; Last Update: 23.II.2005

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