Revolution, Liberalism, and Nationalism in Europe, 1789-1914

The third test in History 329 will take place at 11:00am on the 05th of May 2005 and it will cover Europe from the 1850s to the outbreak of the First World War, with an emphasis on Demographic and Social Trends, the Domestic Affairs of the Great Powers, the Second Industrial Revolution, Imperialism, the Crisis in European Thought, and the Origins of World War I.  The test will consist of 8 Short Answer questions (40 points), Multiple-choice questions (30 points), and Matching questions (30 points).   Short Answers should include responses to the following questions:  who? what? why? where? and when? and specific historical examples from the lectures and the readings.  Assigned readings are from Merriman, A History of Modern Europe, the handouts distributed and discussed in class, and the material posted on the website. 
  The Unification Movements, 1850-1871
Second Empire (France)
Baron Haussmann & the Rebuilding of Paris
Unification of Italy
Camillo di Cavour (1810-1861)
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882)
Franz-Joseph (Austria, r. 1848-1916)
Otto von Bismarck and Realpolitik
Ems Telegram & Alsace-Lorraine
Second Empire [Reich] (Germany, 1871-1918)
The Ausgleich (Austria, 1867)

Demographic and Social Trends

Population Growth and Changes, 1871-1914
Problems of Urban Society, 1871-1914
Edwin Chadwick (1800-1890)
Miasmatic Theory of Disease
Louis Pasteur, Robert Koch, and Joseph Lister
Paris and Urban Planning, 1871-1914
Social (or Class) Structure, 1871-1914
Status of Women, 1871-1914
The Princess (Tennyson)
Emmeline Pankhurst (1848-1928)

Domestic Affairs of the Great Powers

<>Paris World's Fair of 1900
Victorian Compromise (Great Britain)
Parliamentary Reform Bills (1867 & 1884)
Parliament Act of 1911
French Third Republic (1875-1940)
Dreyfus Affair (1894-1905)
Bundesrat and Reichstag
Kulturkampf (1873-1883)
SPD & State Socialism (Germany)
Austria-Hungary as a Multinational Empire
South Slav Problem
Emancipation of the Serfs (1861) & Pan-Slavism
Mensheviks and Bolsheviks
Revolution of 1905 & Duma 

The Second Industrial Revolution & Imperialism

Second Industrial Revolution and Its Results
Evolutionary Socialism (Eduard Berstein)
Syndicalism and Trade Unionism
Motives for & Results of the New Imperialism
Cecil B. Rhodes (1853-1902)
The "Scramble for Africa"
White Man's Burden (Kipling)
Fashoda (1898) & the Boer War
Colonization of China
British India ("The Jewel in the Crown")

The Crisis of European Thought

Crisis of European Thought
Theory of Relativity (Einstein)
Realism in Art and Literature
Gustave Courbet & The Stonebreakers (1849)
Friedrich Nietzsche & Death of God
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
"Survival of the Fittest," & Social Darwinism
Racism & Arthur Gobineau (1816-1882)
Impressionism & Claude Monet (1840-1926)
Post-Impressionism,  Expressionism, & Cubism

The Origins of World War I

Long-range Causes of World War I
Weltpolitik & German Militarism
Alliance Systems (Triple Alliance & Triple Entente)
Bosnian Crisis (1908) & Moroccan Crises (1905-1911)
Mobilization Plans & Schlieffen Plan
Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
Sarajevo & 28 June 1914 & Gavrilo Princip
"Blank Check"
4 August 1914 & "A Jolly Little War" 

This page is maintained by
Robert W. Brown

Last update:  12.IV.2005

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