Twentieth-Century Europe

The Great Depression and the Rise of Nazism

I. The Great Depression of 1929.

    A. European Economic Problems of the 1920s.

    B. Weaknesses of the American Economy.

    C. The Panic of 1929.

    D. Short-term Results.

    E. Long-term Results.

II. Responses by the Western Democracies to the Depression.

    A. The Laissez-faire Response by the Western Democracies.

    B. The United States: FDR and "Priming the Pump."

III. The Rise of Nazism.

    A. From its Origins to the Beer Hall Putsch of 1923.

    B. Nazism in Eclipse, 1923-1929.

    C. The Revival and Triumph of Nazism, 1929-1933.

    D. The Nazis in Power, 1933-1939: The Policy of Gleichschaltung.

    E. The Nazis in Power, 1933-1939: Foreign Policy.
IV. Stalinist Communism in Russia.

    A. Collectivization and Rapid Industrialization.

    B. The Great Terror.

    C. Stalinist Foreign Policy.

V. Conclusion: Reflections on Totalitarianism.

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Last Up-date: 23.III.99

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