Twentieth-Century Europe

Study Sheet I

The first test in HST 332 will take place about the 22nd of September 2005.  It will cover Belle époque Europe (1900-1914), the origins of the First World War, the First World War, the Russian Revolution and the triumph of Communism, the Versailles Treaty, the recovery after World War I, the rise of Fascism in Italy, and the tribulations of Weimar Germany.  The test will consist of Short Answer questions (40 points), Multiple-choice questions (30 points), and Matching questions (30 points).   Short Answers should include responses to the following questions:  who? what? why? where? and when?; they should also incorporate specific historical examples from the lectures and the readings and indicate the historical importance of the item.  Assigned readings are from Merriman, Modern Europe, Chapters 22-24 and the handouts distributed in class.

Europe and the World, 1900-1914

Paris Universal Exposition of 1900
Demographic Trends, 1871-1914
Three Zone Description of the World in 1914
Second Industrial Revolution and its Results
European Social Structure before 1914
European Political Life before 1914
The "Old" and the New Imperialism
Motives for European Imperialism
Consequences of Imperialism

The First Global Crisis: World War I

Kaiser Wilhelm II & Weltpolitik
Long-term Causes of World War I
Short-term Causes of World War I
The Crises of 1907-1914
Triple Entente & Triple Alliance
Schlieffen Plan & [French] Plan XVII
28 June 1914 & the "Blank Check"
Rupert Brooke, Charles Péguy, & Ernst Lissauer
First Battle of the Marne
Battles of Tannenberg & the Masurian Lakes
1916: War of Attrition
Trench Warfare
"Dulce et Decorum est. . . ."
World War I Poetry & Prose
All Quiet on the Western Front
Total War
Technology & War, 1914-1918
Submarine Warfare
Verdun (1916) and The Somme (1916)
Balfour Declaration (1917)
Fourteen Points
"Making the World Safe for Democracy"
The Armistice of 11 November 1918
World War I Casualties
Intellectual and Psychological Impact of World War I
"Sealed Train"
Vladimir Lenin & What is to Be Done?
"Peace, Land, and Bread"
Peace of Brest-Litovsk
October Revolution (Russia) & Soviets
Lenin's Consolidation of Power
Cheka & Red Terror
War Communism & NEP (Russia)
"Collective Leadership"
Comintern (Communist International)

Post World War I Europe: The 1920s

Versailles Peace Conference
Rosa Luxembourg & Karl Liebknecht
Béla Kun (Hungary)
Treaties of Versailles, Neuilly, Trianon & St.-Germain
The Rhineland
League of Nations
Polish Corridor & Danzig [Gdansk]
Reparations & War Guilt (Article 231)
Isolationism (US, the 1920s)
Treaty of Rapallo (1922)
The Ruhr Crisis (1923)
Dawes Plan (1924)
Locarno Treaty (1925) & Kellog-Briand Pact (1928)
Western Democracies in the 1920s
Labour Party (Great Britain)
Weimar Republic (1919-1933)
"Stab in the Back"
Adolf Hitler & Beer Hall Putsch (1923)
Problems of Southern & Eastern Europe
Benito Mussolini (Il Duce)
Totalitarianism & Fascism
Fasci di combattimento
March on Rome (1922)
Stalin & Leon Trotsky
"Socialism in One Country"
Collectivization of Agriculture
Five-Year Plans
Purge Trials & the Gulag

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Last Up-date: 17.VIII.2005

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