Twentieth-Century Europe

Examination II

The second test in HST 332 will take place about the 3rd of November 2005.  It will cover Post-war Europe, European Culture and Society between the Wars, the Great Depression, the triumph of Nazism in Germany, the crisis of the democracies during the 1930s, and the origins and course of World War II.  The test will consist of Short Answer questions (25 points), Multiple-choice questions (45 points), and Matching questions (30 points).   Short Answer questions should include responses to the following questions:  who? what? why? where? and when?; they should also incorporate specific historical examples from the lectures and the readings and indicate the historical importance of the item.  Assigned readings are from Merriman, Modern Europe and the handouts distributed or discussed in class.

Post World War I Europe

Versailles Peace Conference
The “Big Four”
“The War to End all Wars”
Treaties of Versailles, Neuilly, Trianon & St. Germain
The Rhineland
League of Nations
Polish Corridor and Danzig (Gdansk)
Reparations and War Guilt (Article 231)
Assessment of the Versailles Treaty
Treaty of Rapallo (1922)
The Ruhr Crisis (1923) & the Dawes Plan (1924)
Locarno Treaty (1925) & Kellog-Briand Pact (1928)
Western Democracies in the 1920s
Labour Party (Great Britain)
Weimar Republic (1919-1933)
Adolf Hitler & Beer Hall Putsch (1923)
Problems of Southern & Eastern Europe
Benito Mussolini (Il Duce)
Totalitarianism (Fascism, Nazism & Communism)
Fasci di combattimento
March on Rome (1922)
Latern Accord (1929)
Josef Stalin & Leon Trotsky
“Socialism in One Country”
Collectivization of Agriculture & Kulaks
Five-Year Plans (Soviet Union)
Purge Trials & the Gulag

European Culture Between the Wars

Crisis of European Thought
Theory of Relativity & Albert Einstein
Friedrich Nietzsche & Death of God
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
“Survival of the Fittest” & Social Darwinism
Theories of Race & Arthur Gobineau (1816-1882)
Impressionism & Claude Monet (1840-1926)
Expressionism
Cubism & Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)
Post-WWI Pessimism/Crisis of Confidence
Dada & Surrealism
Paul Klee
Communism & the Intellectuals
Existentialism
Franz Kafka (1883-1924)

The Great Depression and the 1930's

The Great Depression & Unemployment
John Maynard Keynes
FDR & “Prime the Pump”
30 January 1933
NSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei)
Nazi Party Program
Mein Kampf
Der Führer & Il Duce (Concept of the Leader)
SA (Sturmabteilung) & SS (Schutzstaffel)
Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei)
Enabling Act & Gleichschaltung
Volksgemeinschaft
Dachau (Model Concentration Camp)
Kristallnacht (9 November 1938)
Für uns & Triumph of the Will
The Rhineland (1936), Austria (1938), & Lebensraum
Munich Agreement (September 1938)
Nazi-Soviet Pact (1939)

The Origins & Course of World War II

Anschluss
Appeasement
Blitzkrieg, the Panzer, & Sitzkrieg
Dunkirk & Battle of Britain
“Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat”
Lend-Lease Program (1941)
Four Freedoms & the Atlantic Charter (1941)
Operation Barbarossa (22 June 1941)
Great Patriotic War & Stalingrad (1942-1943)
New Order (Germany) & SS-State
Heinrich Himmler
Anti-Nazi Resistence Movements
Wannsee Conference (1942)
Final Solution (Holocaust) & Auschwitz
Einsatzgruppen
Grand Alliance
Teheran Conference (1943)
6 June 1944
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
Warsaw Uprising (August 1944)
20 July 1944
Island-hopping (WWII in the Pacific)
6 and 8 August 1945
World War II Casualties


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Last Up-date: 06.X.2005

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