Nazi Germany (1933-1945)

Examination II

This Study Sheet covers Nazi Germany at war (1939-1945) and selected topics relating to the Nazi period. The second test will take place on 1 April 2008. It will consist of one short essay (10 points), five identification questions (25 points), fifteen multiple-choice questions (45 points), and ten matching questions (20 points). Questions will be based on this study sheet. Note that the identification questions will ask for specific responses, including the historical importance of the item and answers to the appropriate who? what? why? when? and where? questions.

Hitler’s War Plans (1939-1941)
Blitzkrieg and 1 September 1939
Sitzkrieg (“Phony War”)
1940 Blitzkrieg against France
Maginot Line & Dunkirk (1940)
Philippe Pétain and Vichy France
Operation Sea Lion & Battle of Britain (1940)
Ultra and the Enigma Machine
Operation Barbarossa (1941)
Nature of the War on the Eastern Front
Afrika Korps
Stalingrad (1943)
War on the German Home Front
New Order (German Occupation of Eastern Europe)
Resistance Movements
Lidice and Oradour-sur-Glane
Policy of Unconditional Surrender
Successes and Failures of Strategic Bombing; Bombing of Dresden (1945)
T-4 Program (euthanasia)
Dachau (Opened March 1933) and Concentration Camps
Albert Speer (1905-1981)
Wannsee Conference (20 January 1942)
The Final Solution
Adolf Eichmann
Rudolf Höss (1900-1947) & Auschwitz
20 July 1944 & Count Klaus von Stauffenberg
Battle of the Bulge (1944)
Hitler’s Political Testament (29 April 1945)
World War II Casualties
Post-war Allied Policy toward Germany (1945-1947)
Planning for the Nuremberg Trials (1942-1945)
Robert H. Jackson
Charges against the Accused at Nuremberg
Nuremberg Trials (International Military Tribunal, 1945-1946)
Divided Germany, 1945-1947, Denazification & the Fragebögen
German Compensation to the Victims of Nazism

Hitler’s Personality Traits, Hitler as a Messianic Leader, Hitler as an Orator
Psychological Interpretations of Hitler
Blut und Boden [=Blood and Soil]
Racial Biology

Nazi Concept of Culture

 “[The Volksgemeinschaft] must itself be an embodiment of the endeavor to place thinking individuals above the masses, thus subordinating the latter to the former.”
Lebensborn Program
Für uns and the Commemoration of the Beer Hall Putsch
Triumph of the Will and Leni Riefenstahl
Horst Wessel Lied
Nazi Martyrs and Heroes
Propaganda and the Nuremburg Party Rallies (Luitpold Arena, Zeppelinwiese, and Congress Hall)
Nazi Propaganda and Film (The Great King and Kolberg)
Character of “Degenerate Art”
Paul Ludwig Troost & the House of German Art (Munich, 1937)
Great German Art Exhibition (1938) & Hitler’s Conception of Nazi-approved Art
 “Art is the only truly enduring investment of human labor.”; “But true art is and remains eternal, it does not follow the law of seasonal fashion. . . .  It merits appreciation because it is an eternal revelation arising from the depths of the essential character of a people. . . .”; “The artist does not create for the artist, but for the people.”
Reichskulturkammer [=Reich Chamber of Culture]
Elk Eber (This was the SA and The Brown Shirts Take Over)
Adolf Ziegler (The Judgment of Paris)
Hermann Otto Hoyer (In the Beginning Was the Word)
Werner Peiner (Autumn in the Eifel Region)
Arno Breker (Readiness)
Joseph Thorak and Nazi-approved sculpture
Nazi Poster Art (Propaganda Posters)

This page is maintained by Robert W. Brown

Last update: 20.III.2008

Go to the HST 430 Home Page

Go to the History Department Home Page