The City in European History

Study Sheet I

The first test in HSTS 410 will take place about 13 February 2007.  It will have an Essay (15 points), Short Answer questions (25 points); Matching Questions (30 points); and Multiple Choice Questions (30 points).  Answers to the Short Answer Questions should address Who? What? Where? When? and Why? and should include specific historical examples and indicate the historical importance of the item.

Introductory Material

“God the first garden made, and the first city Cain”
Characteristics of Civilization
Characteristics of Cities
“Golden Ages” of Cities
Neolithic Revolution
Invention of Towns and Cities
Mohenjodaro and the Grid City
Character of a Typical Ancient City
Characteristics of the Greco-Roman City
Characteristics of the Medieval City
Characteristics of the 19th century City
Characteristics of the 20th century City
Five Essential Categories of Urban Built Form
Urban Planning

Imperial Rome (1st-3rd Centuries)

Cardo maximus & decumanus maximus
Roman Grid City
The Population of Rome
Pax Romana
Seven Hills of Rome (Capitol & Palatine Hill)
City Walls (Servian & Aurelian)
390BC (Gauls sack Rome)
The Roman Forum, Curia, & Umbilicus urbis
Pantheon (2nd Century)
Baths of Caracalla (3rd Century)
Forum of Trajan & Column of Trajan (2nd Century)
Basilica & Christian Basilica (Old St. Peter’s Basilica)
Constantinople (4th century)
Bread and Circuses (Panem et Circenses)
Colosseum (1st Century) & Circus Maximus
AD 410 (Rome sacked by the Goths)
Insula (Apartment Buildings)
Urban Housing and Housing Patterns
Aqueducts, Water Supply, & Sewers
Class Structure in Rome
Roman Work Day
Vitruvius (Roman Principles of Architecture)
Firmitas, utlitas, venustas

Cities and People (Chapters 1-4)

Constantinople (6th century and after)
Sack of Constantinople (1204)
Bills of Exchange
Francesco Sassetti & Italian Commerce
Medieval Markets & Urban Growth
Ypres (Cloth Hall)
Banchi grossi
Banchieri in mercato (money changers)
Medieval Merchant’s House
Medieval Woolen Industry
Clothiers (drapiers)
Ciompi Revolt (Florence, 14th century)
The Church & Medieval Urban Life
Hôtel Dieu
Ospedale Maggiore
Palazzo Vecchio (Florence)
Kornhaus (Nuremburg)
Or San Michele (Florence)
Web Towns & Circular Towns with Grids
Fauxbourgs (or faubourgs)
Daily Life within a Medieval City
Violence & Executions
Palio (Florence)
The “stews”

Medieval Paris (12th-14th Centuries)

Cité, Right Bank, & Left Bank (Latin Quarter)
Les Halles (The Market)
The Louvre, Pont au Change, & Place de Grève
Notre Dame Cathedral and The Gothic Style
Walls of Philip Augustus
Ste Geneviève (ca. 442-ca. 500)
St. Denis & Abbey Church of St. Denis
Clovis (reigned 481-511) and AD508
Eudes, Count of Paris
The Capetians and Paris
Maurice de Sully, Bishop of Paris
Philip Augustus (r. 1180-1223) &  Paris
University of Paris, the Sorbonne, & Seven Liberal Arts
Masters’ Guild
Ste. Chapelle
Paris in the 14th & 15th centuries
Estates General & Etienne Marcel
The Bastille (1370)

This Page is Maintained by Robert W. Brown
Last Update:  03.I.2007
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